One World Nations Online. Flag of Tonga.

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Location map of Tonga. Background: The archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean south of Samoa is also known as the Friendly Islands, it comprises islands, 36 of them are inhabited. Tonga is the only kingdom in the Pacific since Taufa'ahau King George in declared Tonga a constitutional monarchy, he also gave Tonga its first constitution. In the former British protectorate acquired its independence and became a sovereign nation. Almost two-thirds of Tonga's population live on the main island Tongatapu, where also the capital city Nuku'alofa is located.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information. Atata, the resort island is 7 km north of Tongatapu, Tonga's main island.

day 134 kingdom of tonga (part 1 of 2)

Image: Haanofonua. Tonga was united under one chief in Tonga cut its official ties with the UK inbut remains an active member of the Commonwealth. Tonga has a population ofinhabitants in Capital city of Tonga is Nuku'alofa on the nation's main island Tongatapu. Spoken languages are Tongan and English both official. Climate: Subtropical, slightly cooler and less humid than most tropical areas. From November to April is cyclone season.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window. Ministry of Information and Communications Tonga's new engine for transition into a more connected and empowered society. Intergovernmental organisations Pacific Islands Forum Inter-governmental organization for the cooperation between the countries of the Pacific Ocean.

Google Earth Tonga sSearchable map and satellite view view of Tonga. Google Earth Nuku'alofa Searchable map and satellite view of Tonga's capital city.

Map of Polynesia Map of the countries in Polynesia, the island states in the eastern part of Oceania. Tonga News Planet Tonga newswire Tonga community portal with news and views. Matangi Tonga Breaking news from Tonga. Tonga Star Tonga news in English and Tongan. Beach on the island of Vava'u, Tonga. Education Atenisi Institute An institute for critical education in the South Pacific needs an update. University of the South Pacific Premier institution of tertiary education in the Pacific region, jointly owned by the governments of twelve island countries, USP is an international centre of excellence for teaching, research and consulting on all aspects of Pacific life.

History History of Tonga Wikipedia article about Tonga's history. One World - Nations Online. Nations Online Project is made to improve cross-cultural understanding and global awareness.Our first anchorage was about as far south as we could go. On the way there we stopped at Swallows cave, one of the main attractions here. It was an awesome cave where the jungle was coming in through the top and the coral reef was covering floor.

After about an hour of exploring around we felt bad for Alex so we headed back. I told Alex that we were spoiled in Niue with all the coral caves there so with timing not being in our favor he decided to skip it, at least for now.

When we sailed up to our anchorage there were two of our long lost friends; Baleana and Finegold. The night before, they roasted a hog on the beach over a fire.

It was now our turn to roast our chickens. We decided we were only going to roast two of them, Michael and BBQ they were giving us the most trouble.

But first we need fire wood. We spent the first few hours anchored looking for what few dry wood we could find, chopping it up with the axes and machetes. We brought the chickens to shore with some sharp knives and some BBQ. We chopped their heads off and were all entertained as we saw two chickens round around like they had their heads cut off. After spending some time pulling feathers we had them gutted and BBQed, ready for the fire.

Baleana brought an oven rack to place over the fire so it was just like having a grill. After a couple flips we were ready for some juicy chicken and hot potatoes from Baleana that they threw in the fire as well. After a big feast, Alex entertained us with some fire breathing.

I remember laying down with my head on a log feeling pretty tired from the long day of sailing and chopping firewood and then it was black…. It seemed that I just shut my eyes for a few seconds and when I opened them I was all by myself and the fire was left smoldering away. I jumped up really quick and looked around. I really was all by myself and all the dingies were gone too!

I looked out and I could see the sailboats still anchored about yards offshore.

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I had two options: I could sleep it out here on the beach with the bugs or swim back to Bubbles. I swam. And after a long swim I crawled on board. After drying off, I fell fast asleep. The next day we all grouped up with Finegold and Baleana and headed down the beach for an adventure. It was low tide and you could walk across some reef to get to another island. It was really fascinating to walk across with waves crashing just meters away.

The History of Tonga Part 1

We walked the beach down the whole way. The water had so many different colors of blue and with the tall palm trees in the background, it made it all picturesque. We even found out about a side trail that lead us to a cave with a small freshwater pool in the bottom of it. Of course Alex, Jim and I all jumped in. It was cold and dark!We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.

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You can change your cookie settings at any time. Persons seeking to enter or remain in the United Kingdom for employment paragraphs A to B. A person coming to the UK to seek or take employment must be otherwise eligible for admission under these Rules or eligible for admission as a seaman under contract to join a ship due to leave British waters. The requirements for applications for work permit employment set out in paragraphs to of these Rules were deleted on 6 April by Statement of Changes HC except insofar as relevant to paragraphs to Either a payslip and a personal bank or building society statement, or a payslip and a building society pass book.

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day 134 kingdom of tonga (part 1 of 2)

Indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom for a work permit holder is to be refused if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph is met. Indefinite leave to remain may be granted provided that the Secretary of State is satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph G is met and that the application does not fall for refusal under paragraph HA.

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Leave to enter as a representative of an overseas business is to be refused if, on arrival, a valid passport or other identity document is not produced to the Immigration Officer and the applicant does not have entry clearance for entry in this capacity. An extension of stay as a representative of an overseas business is to be refused if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph is met.

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Any conditions attached to leave granted in accordance with this paragraph shall not prevent the applicant from taking employment as a domestic worker in a private household other than that of the employer in relation to which entry clearance was originally granted. Leave to enter as a domestic worker in a private household is to be refused if, on arrival, a valid passport or other identity document is not produced to the Immigration Officer and the applicant does not have entry clearance for entry in this capacity.

An extension of stay as a domestic worker in a private household may be granted for a period of six months less the period already spent in the UK in this capacity. Requirements for extension of stay as a domestic worker in a private household for applicants who entered the United Kingdom under the Rules in place before 6 April An extension of stay as a domestic worker may be refused if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph either paragraph D or, where applicable, paragraph EA, is met.

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Leave to enter the United Kingdom on the grounds of United Kingdom ancestry is to be refused if, on arrival, a valid passport or other identity document is not produced to the Immigration Officer and the applicant does not have entry clearance for entry in this capacity.

An extension of stay on the grounds of United Kingdom ancestry may be granted for a period not exceeding 5 years, subject to a condition on study as set out in Part 15 of these Rules, provided the Secretary of State is satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph is met.

An extension of stay on the grounds of United Kingdom ancestry is to be refused if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph is met. Indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom on the grounds of a United Kingdom born grandparent is to be refused if the Secretary of State is not satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph is met.

Nothing in paragraphs F is to be construed as allowing a person to be granted entry clearance, leave to enter, leave to remain or variation of leave as a partner of a person granted entry clearance or leave to enter under Paragraph A where that entry clearance or leave to enter was granted under A on or after 6 April A person seeking leave to enter the United Kingdom as the partner of a person with limited leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom under paragraphs but not paragraphs IK may be given leave to enter for a period not in excess of that granted to the person with limited leave to enter or remain under paragraphs but not paragraphs IKsubject to a condition on study as set out in Part 15 of these Rules, provided the Immigration Officer is satisfied that each of the requirements of paragraph is met.Agriculture is the mainstay of the Tongan economy.

Squash, coconuts, bananas, and vanilla beans constitute the main cash crops, and other important crops include yams, tarocassavacorn maizewatermelonspineapplesbreadfruitlimes, and tomatoes. Land is parceled out to peasant proprietors: traditionally, every male age 16 or over was entitled to an allotment of 7. Food and beverages account for the largest category of imports, in terms of value.

Exports include mainly agricultural crops and fish, and New Zealand, JapanAustraliaand the United States are the chief destinations. Manufactures include concrete products, construction and transportation equipment, furniture, clothing, food products, and various small handicrafts.

A small mining industry quarries coral and sand. Crop processing and marketing have been undertaken by cooperative societies. Remittances from Tongans working overseas—especially in New Zealand, the United States, and Australia—and tourism have both contributed significantly to the growth of the Tongan economy. Tonga has no railroad. Copra and bananas are exported from Pangai.

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An undersea fibre-optic cable linking Tonga with a Fiji-based regional telecommunications network provides high-speed Internet access. The chief executive is the monarch, who governs in close consultation with the prime minister in all matters except the judiciary; the monarch alone holds the power to appoint judges, grant clemencyand commute prison sentences. The monarch appoints a Privy Council, which consists of the monarch and the cabinet.

The unicameral Legislative Assembly Fale Alea has 26 seats: 9 hereditary nobles are elected by their peers, and 17 representatives are directly elected for three-year terms by all citizens age 21 and over.

The Privy Council acts as part of the court system as well as assisting the monarch in an advisory capacity; it hears appeals from the land court.

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The Court of Appeal has jurisdiction over civil and criminal appeals from the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court hears cases on matters arising under the constitution and laws of the kingdom, except for cases concerning titles to land. Judges are appointed by the monarch with the consent of the Privy Council and serve indefinite terms unless removed for cause. Education is free for all Tongans, and attendance is compulsory between ages 5 and The government runs primary, secondary, and vocational training schools, including a teacher-training collegeand the government and many Commonwealth countries offer scholarships to help Tongans pursue higher education abroad.

Some primary and secondary schools as well as vocational institutions are run by churches.

Welcome to Tonga

Tongans receive free dental and medical treatment. Although the general health of the population is adequate, rates of noncommunicable diseases related to obesity such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease have risen steadily since the s. Family planning aids are disseminated with the help of the United Nations and New Zealand. Although Western influence has somewhat altered traditions and culture in Tonga, certain Tongan rituals and art forms survive.

For example, Tonga shares with Fiji, Samoa, and parts of French Polynesia the elaborate ritual surrounding the drinking of kava. The drink, prepared from the root of a pepper plant, has the properties of a mild narcotic. Carving was traditionally done by men, but the craftsmanship was inferior to that of other Polynesians, such as the Maori of New Zealand.Some features of this site are not compatible with your browser.

Install Opera Mini to better experience this site. October 16, JPEG. November 17, JPEG. An undersea eruption at Lateiki Island in late October has brought new life to an older island in the Tonga chain. The top image shows the eruption on its third day, October 16, The false-color image combines shortwave infrared, near infrared, and blue light bands to help distinguish the hot spots associated with the eruption red.

Scientists say the emissions were dominated by steam and volcanic gases. When the plume cleared on November 1, satellites started getting clear views of the new land that had emerged. Landsat 8 acquired the second, natural-color image of Lateiki Island on November The new island measures about meters feet long and meters feet wide.

Lateiki Island, also known as Metis Shoal, is just the tip of a large undersea volcano seamount in an extremely active part of the Tonga Archipelago. Scientists put it in the top ten most active volcanic areas on Earth. Prior toan eruption in also produced an island. That island saw considerable erosion and was ultimately destroyed by the event, which built a new island in its place. Earlier eruptions followed a similar cycle; islands that emerged in,are all reported to have submerged within months, having succumbed to the erosive lashing of the sea.

Previous eruptions at Lateiki have not been thoroughly documented by satellites, according to Garvin. HTHH grew from an eruption that went through a series of phases over the course of six weeks, including an ash dominated surtseyan phase that built a meter-tall cone, followed by explosive phases that spread material around the vent to grow the hectare 0.

In contrast, the volcanic activity at Lateiki was less explosive, with lava piling up around the vent to form the relatively small hectare islet. Image of the Day Land Water Volcanoes. In late Decemberan undersea volcano began erupting and created a new island near Hunga Tonga and Hunga Ha'apai in the Polynesian islands.

In the western Pacific Ocean, a new volcanic island that formed in the shadow of Nishino-shima has merged with it. The island has doubled in size as the eruption continues. Image of the Day Atmosphere Land Volcanoes. The eruption of an undersea volcano gave rise to new real estate between two islands in the kingdom of Tonga. Image of the Day Land Volcanoes. View more Images of the Day:. Subscribe to our newsletters.From tothe Kingdom of Tonga was a protected state of the United Kingdom.

Tonga became a British protected state under a Treaty of Friendship on May 18,when European settlers and rival Tongan chiefs tried to oust the second king. An unspoken agreement of the treaty that was common in British Protectorate states was a new British monopoly on Tonga's thriving vanilla industry, and their small deposits of minerals. The United Kingdom had veto power over foreign policies and finances of the Kingdom of Tonga.

Tonga was affected by the flu pandemicwith 1, Tongans killed, around eight per cent of the residents. For most of the 20th century Tonga was quiet, inward-looking, and somewhat isolated from developments elsewhere in the world.

Tonga's complex social structure is essentially broken into three tiers: the kingthe nobles, and the commoners.

day 134 kingdom of tonga (part 1 of 2)

Between the nobles and commoners are Matapule, sometimes called "talking chiefs," who are associated with the king or a noble and who may or may not hold estates. Obligations and responsibilities are reciprocal, and although the nobility are able to extract favors from people living on their estates, they likewise must extend favors to their people. Status and rank play a powerful role in personal relationships, even within families. On 4 Juneprotected state status of the Kingdom of Tonga ended.

Inauguration of the Catholic church in Kolofo'ou. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Kingdom of Tonga. Location of the Kingdom of Tonga with present day borders shown. Tomb of King George Tupou I Richard Seddon and wife at the opening of the Tongan parliament, Encyclopedia of plague and pestilence: from ancient times to the present.

Infobase Publishing. Earthquakes Islands and towns Volcanoes Wildlife. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

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Download as PDF Printable version. Flag Coat of arms. Protected state of the United Kingdom.

day 134 kingdom of tonga (part 1 of 2)

English Tongan. Free Wesleyan Church. Constitutional monarchy British Protectorate. George Tupou II first. Fatafehi Tu'ipelehake last. Legislative Assembly. Preceded by. Outline Category.King's International University [1] is established by the Government of the Kingdom of Tonga as a private university for education and skill development in the island nation.

Students participate in virtual tutorials for online learning and opt to attend classes on campus during their semesters for their courses. The campus at Tonga has a library, state of the art lecture halls and also possesses access to digital libraries that can help cater to vast and diverse curiosities that people possess.

The university plans to establish multiple satellite campuses in various countries to help enable students gain easy access to various course material as well as learning experiences. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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This article may have been created or edited in return for undisclosed paymentsa violation of Wikipedia's terms of use. It may require cleanup to comply with Wikipedia's content policies. November Categories : Universities and colleges in Tonga. Hidden categories: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from February Articles with permanently dead external links Wikipedia articles with undisclosed paid content from November Coordinates on Wikidata.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.